Satpura national park

Satpura Reptiles Checklist

Satpura tiger reserve is part of a biosphere reserve. Due to wide range of habitats in same tiger reserve, it is rich in reptilian fauna. About 31 reptile species can be seen in this tiger reserve

Name Scientific Name Features Habitat Status
Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus Palustris Broad-snouted crocodile Seen in freshwater lakes, Denwa river, marshes Vulnerable
Indian Peacock Soft-shelled Turtle Nilssonia hurum Olive green from above Highly aquatic, seen on Denwa river, Tawa dam backwater Vulnerable
Indian Roofed Turtle Pangshura tecta Its pointed roof top make it distinct Usually seen on still or slow moving streams. Tawa dam backwater is its habitat Least concern
Brook's House Gecko Hemicactylus brookii Large head, pointed snout. Back with light to greyish brown with dark brown spots. Insectivorous, seen in trees and rocks. Seen nearby villages Least concern
Yellow-green House Gecko Hemidactylus frenatus 70-150 mm Length. Males are larger than female, semi-transparent skin. Found in tropical, subtropical & warm places with high humidity Least concern
Common House Gecko Hemidactylus frenatus Length:3-6 inches, non-venomous, feed on insects, butterflies etc. Mostly seen in warm & humid places. Commonly seen in rooms. Least concern
Indian Garden Lizard / Oriental Garden Lizard Calotes versicolor Light brown to greyesh abovem Black traversa bar on throat Arboreal, insectivorous. Seen close to streams, gardens. Seen in Tala zone. Least concern
Indian Chameleon (Local name: Girgit) Chamaeleo zeylanicus Long tongue, compressed teeth, short neck, compressed body 12-15 inches length Non-posinous, often seen in garden areas Least concern
Keeled Grass Skink Eutropis carinata Moderate snout, scaly lover eyelid, vertebral scales smooth Seen in scrub forest, garden, houses. Often seen in resort campus, Madhai village Least concern
Bronze Skink Eutropis macularia Cylindrical body, oval eyes, olive brown in color Often seen in Madhia zone rocky regions, Parsapani buffer forest Least concern
White-spotted Supple Skink Lygosoma albopunctata Its snout is short & obtuse, tail is thick. They have 26-28 scales in middle body. Body colour pale brown or rufous. Found in open soil without plantation like surrounding villages of Madhai gate Not Evaluated
Lined Supple Skink Lygosoma lineata Length: 5-6 cm, body colour is golden yellow with black dots on scales. Seen in rocks, loose soil, termite mounds, ant hills Least concern
Punctate Supple Skink Lygosoma punctata Body size 35-100mm, olive brown from above Usually seen in gardens, open forest, nearby human settlements Not Evaluated
Bengal Monitor Varanus bengalensis Grey to greenish grey in color, dark grey ventral pattern.Weight=7.20kg, Length= 60-170 cms Diurnal activity, live in burrows. Feeds insects, small mammals, snakes, lizards, vegetables Least concern
Common Sand Boa Eryx conicus Length=80-100 cm, dorsal scales are small & keeled, pointed tail Feed on small mammals, worms, birds. Normally found on sandy tracks, viviparous, nocturnal Near threatened
Red Sand Boa Eryx johnii Thick body, broad head, wide shovel shaped tip, white belly, reddish brown top with speckled grey tail More active in nights, mainly found in dry forest, sandy soil. Feeds rodents thus found nearby villages. Near threatened
Indian Rock Python Python molurus Length=2.5-4.5 mtr.Head distinct from neck, vertical pupil, 60-75 rows of scale Found in rocky outcrops, marshy area, open forest. Feed mainly warm blooded prey like mice to jackal, civet, deer fawn, cat etc. Near threatened
Banded Racer Argyrogena fasciolata Snout is curved, obtuse and prominent. Eyes are large. Brownish olive from above, narrow white, brown, black cross bands. Length=30-55 inches. Its a non-venomous snake, diurnal species, seen in dry grasslands, scrub forest. Possibility to see in Jamanidev, Parsapani & Pachmarhi buffer zone zone. Least concern
Trinket Snake Coelognathus helena Non-venomous snake, smooth glossy scales, slender body. Seen in plains, hills, nearby waterholes, bushes, termite mounds. rocks. Not Evaluated
Common Bronzeback Tree Snake Dendrelaphis tristis Excellent vision, non venomous snake. Slender body, wide brownish stripe on upper body & yellowish stripe in bottom body. As per name seen in trees, bushes of forest & near by villages of Madhai gate & Bheemkund gate. Least concern
Indian Wolf Snake Lycodon aulicus Colour variation is possible. Seems like common krait except loreal shield. Female larger than male. Nocturnal by nature. Seen in lowland forest, rocks, trees. Terrestrial and arboreal both. Not Evaluated
Banded Kukri Snake Oligodon arnensis Have dark bands in body. Color varies from pale brown to orange from above. Body lenght 2 ft. Seen n forested plains, moist deciduous forest, scrub forest, agricultural fields. Not Evaluated
Indian Ratsnake Ptyas mucosa Length= 1.5 - 2.5 meters. Body colour varies from pale brown to dark brown. They are diurnal Often seen nearby villages, agricultural fields. Often seen in villages nearby Madhai gate. Least concern
Buff striped keelback Amphiesma stolatum Non-venomous & non-agressive snake. Body color olive brown to grey, length is 40-50 cms. Seen in moist lands, water wells, canals, low lands, hills. Often seen close to Tawa dam cachement area. Least concern
Checkered Keelback Xenochrophis piscator Body is olivaceus or yellowish above, whitish to yellowish below. Upper skin is checkered with dark & yellowish checks.Length -1.75 mtr. Usually found near waterholes like wells, rivers, streams, wet rice fields. Feed on tadpoles, insects, fishes, rodents, birds etc. Not Evaluated
Common Krait Bungaruscaeruleus Length is under 1 to 2 meters. Dark brownish rings separated by pale yellow rngs. Highly venomous snake with flat head Usually seen in fields & low scrub jungles. Very less active in daytime thus nocturnal. Often seen in rat holes, near debries. Feed on rodents, mice, frog. Not Evaluated
Comman Indian Cobra Naja naja Highly venomous snake with elliptical head, short snout. Two circular ocelli patters connected in V shape. Length 1-1.5 mtr. Found in all type of places open field, villages of Pathai, . Feed on lizard, frogs, small snakes, rodents, birds. Active in evening, rare sighting. Threatened
King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah Life span 20 years, length 3-4 meters, body weight 6 kg, highly venomous, monogamous. Usually seen solitary at ground, bamboo thickets, agricultural field, open forest. Its sightins is not easy in Satpura national park Vulnerable
Brahminy Blindsnake Indotyphlops braminus Length= 2-5 inches, head & tail seems similar. Body colour ranges from charcoal grey to light yellow. Usually seen in agricultural fields, nearby termite mounds, ant hill, garden areas, humid places. Least concern
Russell's Viper Daboia russelii Length = 3-5 ft.Snout obtuse with distinct canthus, large nostril, light brown above, oval spots brown in center, highly venomous. Found in dry & marshy regions, grasslands, farmlands. Nocturnal & feed on snakes, mice, lizards, rodents etc. Least concern
Saw-scaled Viper Echis carinatus Venomous snake, body length 30-90 cm, snout is short and rounded. Feed on worms, frog, toads, reptiles, scorpions, birds Mostly nocturnal, found in rocks, rooten logs, bushes, shurbs, burrows. Least concern

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